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Risk Assessment: Qualitative vs Quantitative Risk Analysis


Risk analysis is a crucial management tool for reducing, if not completely eliminating, potential negative effects on an organization. Risk analysis and management aim to anticipate uncertainties and make sure problems are handled beforehand or that solutions are already in place for them.

The same criteria are evaluated using qualitative and quantitative risk analysis methodologies, although to varying degrees. Predominantly, subjective and objective understandings are different.




Difference between Qualitative and Quantitative Risk Analysis Qualitative risk analysis relies on individual interpretation. The idea is to comprehend the likelihood of an event occurring during the course of a project and the size of its impact. The basic goal of qualitative analysis is to quantify the potential severity of an event. With that data, "Risk Assessment Matrix" graphics can be created to clearly display potential deterrents to all stakeholders for better decision-making abilities. The qualitative analysis will focus on categorizing potential risks and determining if these occurrences are predicated on origin or consequence.


The risk level is where qualitative assessment takes place most often. It involves a particular instance or individualized assessment of the probability and importance of events. Such kind of assessment is typically quicker, simpler, and doesn't call for any specialized instruments or software. Quantitative evaluations, on the other hand, take place at the construction projects. It provides the most likely projections of constant comparative, such as future deadlines or costs. Although this approach takes a lot of time and calls for a more specialized set of tools, it provides a strong framework for a strategy.


The foundation of quantitative risk analysis is impartial comprehension. The risks associated with incurring additional costs, using up resources, falling behind schedule, and scope creep can be virtually precisely detected by using information that could be confirmed and evaluated. This technique is more scientific method and aids in placing assessment in a logical sequence, even though the outcome is the same as the deduction on qualitative analysis.

When to Perform a Qualitative and Quantitative Risk Analysis Whenever the risk's perspective changes or a unique risk is discovered, qualitative risk analysis should be carried out. Qualitative risk analysis can be carried out at any given moment because it is generally simple, efficient, and affordable.

Once there is a lot of information about the risk and its consequences, as well as when qualitative risk analysis needs to be corroborated, quantitative risk analysis should be undertaken.


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How to Conduct Qualitative and Quantitative Risk Analysis Qualitative Risk Analysis Steps Step 1: Identify Risks Objective here is to compile an objective of this process of hazards by documenting any problems that arose to sight and soliciting comments from other associates. By holding brainstorming sessions with their teams and even certain employees to gain a greater understanding of what's occurring in the business, we can speed up the risk identification process.

Step 2: Segment Categorize risks

There are various methods for categorizing risks. The risk matrix, which combines the effects and chances of a risk happening, is one well-liked methodology. Additionally, we might evaluate each risk's potential sources and effects while planning for potential risk-related circumstances.


Third Step: Assess Risk


Risk control is typically broken down into two categories, though this may appear vary based on the methodology picked in the previous phase. Targeting the primary causes of risks, such as hazards or ineffective management procedures, is the primary goal of the first category of risk control. The second type of risk control focuses on reducing the risk's negative effects through preventative measures like giving employees PPE.

Step 4: Monitor Business Risks

They must maintain track of all of their predicted data dangers, risk assessments, and preventative strategies as we work through the qualitative risk analysis process. These notes will be beneficial while undertaking the risk monitoring stage. Evaluating hazards and asking the following questions are the primary components of this step:

• Were all potential risks identified?

• Does risk management work?

• Were hazards properly categorized? Know more about Quantal Risk Policies: https://www.risk-management.quantal.co/our-practices

Quantitative Risk Analysis Steps Step 1 Determine the Goal, Scope, and Technique

Define the parameters of the range. What information would the quantitative risk analysis include or exclude? Then, we can decide from the following techniques for quantitative risk analysis:

Analysis of Failure Mode and Effects (FMEA)

Economic Impact Analysis (BIA)

Anticipated Financial Value (EMV)


Step 2: Prepare the Required Data, Tools, and Resources

We must make ensure that the information is structured and appropriate for the approach and instruments they intend to employ. Methods for undertaking quantitative risk analysis may include digital blueprints, specialist software, and other resources.

Step 3: Deploy the Selected Technique to the Collected Variables

Now that we have the necessary information, resources, and personnel, we can move forward with the quantitative risk analysis. The following digital templates can be used if we chose the FMEA or BIA methods:

We can use the following formula for the EMV method:

Cost of Impact in Preferred Currency x Probability in Percent of Risk Occurring = EMV

Step 4: Keep track of and archive all outcomes

Make sure that all results are recorded and preserved adequately after using the FMEA, BIA, or EMV technique. These data should be kept because they can come in handy for the upcoming risk analysis


There are advantages and disadvantages to both approaches when deciding whether to choose one over the other. The effectiveness and efficiency of the risk assessment process can be improved by using a hybrid technique, taking into account the information and time response needed with the data and knowledge already at hand, and adhering to the organizational criteria to reach desired access controls.


Know more about Quantal Risk Analysis Policies: https://www.risk-management.quantal.co/our-practices



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